The highest point on Earth is the summit of Mount Everest, which is the highest mountain in the world. The mountain, which is part of the Himalayas range in Asia, is an awe-inspiring sight when viewed from nearby mountains.
The Tibetan name for Mount Everest is Chomolungma or Qomolangma which can be translated as ‘Mother of the Universe’ or ‘Goddess Mother of the Snows’. In 1865, the mountain was given its English name, Mount Everest in honor of Sir George Everest, who was the former Surveyor General of India.
For a long time, the height of Mount Everest was thought to be much lower than it actually is, because its peak was hidden by nearby summits. Using modern equipment, the height has been calculated to be 8850 meters.
Like the rest of the Himalayas, Mount Everest has thrust up millions of years ago when movement in the earth’s crust caused the Indian subcontinent to collide with Asia. The result was that great peaks were formed by the folding and refolding of the sharpened peaks to their present jagged shapes.
Mount Everest is covered by vast snowfields on its upper slopes and thick sheets of ice that descend into the surrounding valleys. Its glaciers are fed by avalanches which occur so Frequently that glaciers keep moving slowly but steadily down the mountainside.
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