What is the Pantheon?

The Pantheon, or “Temple of the gods”, was the most famous temple in Rome, dedicated to seven gods. In the 7th Century, it became a church. Begun 27 BC, it is the best-preserved of all Roman buildings and has been in continuous use throughout its history.

A circular building of concrete faced with brick, it has a great concrete dome, 43 meters in diameter. Many famous painters and two kings of Italy are buried in this magnificent building.

The Pantheon is still a church, masses continue to be held here.

Explore the Pantheon in Rome, Italy 4K with Expert Guide

Video: Italy4Real

Did You Know: What did Tortoises have to do with Roman soldiers?

The Roman army developed special weapons, techniques, and formation in battle. One of these formations was “The Tortoise”. The front line of soldiers would lock their shields together, and those behind would raise their shields above their heads so that the unit looked like a giant tortoise. This formation allowed the soldiers to attack their enemies in safety, and also defended them from the arrows of enemies.